Conditions Treated

You can be treated without a referral from a medical doctor. However, if you plan to utilize your health insurance, a referral may be required for coverage.

Ankle Pain

Common ankle conditions include sprains, strains, arthritis, fracture (healed), and chronic lateral ankle pain. A sprain is an injury to the ligament. A ligament stabilizes two bones. A strain is an injury to a tendon. The tendon is the part of the muscle that is attached to the bone. A sprained ankle can result in a loss of mobility, decreased ankle strength and poor balance.

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A loss of joint mobility and a loss of strength can increase the stress to the joints during daily activities. Treatment may involve gentle exercises to promote ROM, strength, mobility and improved tolerance to activities of daily living.

Back Pain

Most people will have some degree of low back pain at one time or another. Our body movements usually do not cause problems, but it's not surprising that symptoms develop from everyday wear and tear, overuse, or an injury. Back problems and injuries often occur during sports or recreational activities, work injuries, or from home projects.

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Balance/Difficulty Walking

Do you feel unstable when you walk? Are you afraid of falling? Falls are the leading cause of injury in people older than 65. A negative consequence of falling is anxiety or fear. A fall can lead to a decrease in activities due to the fear and anxiety of falling again. Being fearful can add to the risk of falling because of a change in activities. Deconditioning and weakness occur with a decrease in activity level.

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (Wrist Pain)

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is commonly caused by overuse of the wrist and hand. Treatment focuses on the reduction of swelling in the wrist area (using a wrist splint at night is helpful) and improving wrist and finger mobility. A neck condition can also refer pain to the wrist.

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Cervical Radiculopathy/Degenerative Disc Disease/ Degenerative Joint Disease/Arthritis

Pain in one arm is a common description of this disorder. As with other neck conditions, a comprehensive assessment of neck and upper back mobility, strength and endurance is performed. Based on the findings of the evaluation, the treatment plan is directed towards the identified dysfunctions.

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Dry Needling

Dry needling or Trigger point dry needling is a technique that can help reduce pain, increased range of motion and improve muscle contraction. The technique can be used anywhere in the body where a dysfunctional (abnormal functioning) muscle is found.

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Foot Pain

The foot needs to have the right amount of stability and mobility when we are walking or running. When the foot initially touches the ground, it needs the mobility to absorb forces. Our foot needs stability late in the walking cycle when we push off or transfer our body weight to the other foot. Therefore the foot is a dynamic structure that goes from being flexible for shock absorption and then rigid for propulsion.

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Head pain can stem from different sources. Some causes of headaches can be helped from PT intervention. Cervicogenic headaches is one type that responds to PT. Another cause of headaches that respond to physical therapy intervention is related to the TMJ (temporal mandibular joint disorder).

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Hip Pain/Arthritis/Bursitis

Hip pain can be located in the front, side or in the buttock. The location of the pain can offer some insight to the source of the symptoms. In addition, how the hip feels after resting it may indicate if the pain is coming from the joint or muscles.

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Joint Mobilization/Manipulaton

The use of specific hands on stretching to the joint in a one direction is called joint mobilization/manipulation. The difference between joint mobilization and a stretching exercise is that joint mobilization is specific to the joint. The major difference between mobilization and manipulation is the speed of the technique where manipulation uses a higher speed.

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Knee Pain/Arthritis

During a comprehensive evaluation, the source of the knee pain will be determined. The knee pain could be coming from the back or hip, the knee joint, and/ or the leg muscles. Based on the findings of the evaluation, the proper treatment plan will be developed.

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Leg Pain

Leg pain may be coming from the hip or knee, may be from arthritis, a foot disorder, low back pain, muscle strain. A thorough evaluation is necessary to find the driving force of this pain.

Lower back pain/Degenerative Disc Disease/Degenerative Joint Disease/Arthritis/Bulging Disc/Herniated Disc

A comprehensive evaluation is performed to find the cause of the pain and dysfunction. The evaluation will include assessing the mobility of the mid and lower back, hips and leg muscles. In addition, assessing the strength and endurance of the “core” is important. The “core” includes the abdominal , lower back and hip muscles.

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Neck pain/ Degenerative Disc Disease/ Degenerative Joint Disease/Arthritis

Physical therapy can help a lot of people with neck pain. I wake up with a kink in my neck, when I drive I have trouble looking to the side, or I have headaches are all common descriptions of neck pain that can be helped from PT intervention. A simple test to determine if PT will help is to look over your shoulder each way, tip your ear towards your shoulder keeping your face forward, and looking down towards your chest and looking up towards the ceiling. Do any of these motions cause neck pain?

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Pre and Post Operative Rehabilitation

We work closely with your surgeon to bring you back to optimal function.

Rotator Cuff Tear

A rotator cuff injury or tear can disrupt general daily activities. Reaching, lifting, attaching a bra, and sleeping on your side are just a few of the activities that can be effected due to rotator cuff tear or inflammation.

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Pain Neuroscience Education

Pain neuroscience education is addressing the inaccurate concept that all pain is bad. Pain is a warning mechanism in our body, however ongoing pain that tells us to stop moving can lead to more pain and dysfunction. The definitions we give to sensations can sometimes be inaccurate. In therapy, we work closely with each person to understand what our body is telling us and utilize graded (gradual and progressive) exercise and exposure to help meet the challenges of ongoing pain and dysfunction.

Sacroiliac (SI) Pain/Dysfunction

The source of sacroiliac pain can come from different areas. Some reports have indicated that 15-30% of chronic lower back pain is coming from the sacroiliac joint. Because sacroiliac pain can be referred from another structure, determining the cause or the driver of the pain is important.

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Do you have pain, tingling or numbness in your buttock, leg or foot? In most cases, the pain or symptoms are in one leg. The pain can be described as a mild ache to a burning sensation or quite severe. Sciatica means the sciatic nerve has been compressed or irritated. Sciatica can be caused by a bulging or herniated disc, arthritis or stenosis.

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Shoulder Pain

The shoulder girdle is comprised of the glenohumeral joint (shoulder), scapula (shoulder blade), and clavicle (collar bone). The shoulder joint can be described as being a golf ball (humerus) on a golf tee (glenoid fossa part of the the scapula). The boney architecture allows tremendous mobility, however sacrifices joint stability. Shoulder girdle muscular stability is an important component that allows optimal functioning of the upper extremity.

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Sports Injury

Rehabilitation involved regaining the high level of strength, balance, coordination, ROM, and mobility required for a specific sport. Exercises are customized to simulate sporting activities.

Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow is a term given to pain located on the outer side of the elbow. The correct name is lateral epicondylitis. Many people who have never played tennis will also get tennis elbow. The common description of this disorder includes pain with gripping and lifting.

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Upper Back Pain

A majority of the rotation in our trunk comes from the thoracic spine. These regions can lose motion and become weak, which lead to problems. In addition, neck or low back pain can occur concurrently because of a mid back problem. Treatment is individualized to your back condition.


Whiplash is a common neck injury usually caused by a car accident. See the Neck Pain section for more information.

Workers' Compensation Injury

We treat a variety of workplace injuries. Treatment is customized to your condition which allows a speedy return of recovery from your injury.